Boot your Mac into Safe mode, then try installing macOS Sierra again. 6 and below: Apple's Java comes pre-installed with your Mac OS. First step was getting into Safe mode. The majority of these problems are usually related to third-party software running on your MacBook. I've installed High Sierra on my macbook pro (2015) and imac (2011). Mac OS X 10. Geo’s affected. Sadly the officially available version of Soundflower isn’t signed because it’s an open source project and - as far as we know - no one has volunteered to do the work and pay the $99 fee to obtain a signing certificate. 12 Sierra or macOS 10. Unlike Windows, Mac OS doesn’t offer a hibernate or deep sleep mode – selecting Sleep from the Apple menu just puts a Mac into a low-power state (suspend to RAM) that, while quick to resume, still keeps the contents of memory in memory. We’ve posted hundreds of videos explaining the features of our products and how to get the most from them. 13, is only tempered by the possibility of it not working properly or not being compatible with the apps you use most. Force a reboot by holding down the power button on Mac and wait till it shuts off and turns back on. If your Mac has a removable battery, Shut Down your Mac. 13 on Mac, you may need to do some pre-installation preparation: Step 1. Apple Insider: Apple releases third developer betas of iOS 11, High Sierra, tvOS 11; Reboot macOS High Sierra from within this High Sierra partition. Since the file system’s integrity is crucial for the stability of your Mac and any data on it, if you are experiencing this problem, your best bet is to try fixing your hard drive’s formatting. Things you can do in Recovery Mode. RELATED: macOS Finally Gets a Proper Dark Mode. Paragon NTFS for Mac 15 supports macOS 10. Mac OS X 10. This mode displays white text on a dark background in the Finder and apps, and lets you work on your document without bright-colored distractions from the app and the operating system that you're. Older Lightroom versions are not supported, and will not be updated. Our Suggestion & Verdict About MacOS High Sierra 10. I have MacBook Pro 2010 model, with Intel Core 2 Duo with MAC OS 10. Because you are not the only person who encounters such a problem. I hope this guide will be helpful. 13 Image for VMware. Did you try erasing the Apple hard drive via recovery mode? If not, then backup your Mac and boot into Recovery Mode by immediately pressing Command + R after restarting your Mac. I have updated my Mac mini with a new SSD hard drive. The problem preventing the upgrade appears to be the boot sequence in VirtualBox. 3) just make a sparse disk image - Mac OS Extended (Journaled) using Disk Utility mount the image in Finder copy your installation of Unity from Applications and your projects into this new disk image. How to install a new copy of macOS Catalina in Recovery Mode. Uncheck "Run in safe mode" and you will now be able to access the file system through Silverlight in High Sierra. macOS High Sierra (10. macOS High Sierra (version 10. To do this: Restart the device in recovery mode by turning on the computer with Command + R pressed. 11 El Capitan is a new version of Apple's juggernaut line of operating systems providing the only alternative to Microsoft Windows. Safe mode is useful if you're trying to run the Mac OS X installer on a PC that's not fully compatible with Mac OS X. 8, this should not be an issue, since you will have downloaded the most up-to-date version. Therefore, if you need to restore lost data from the system disk under macOS 10. Launch the. On PowerPC machines, Tiger is the last version of OS X that supports Classic mode, the. 13 High Sierra won't keep you safe from this sort of attack. 10 while also. Summary: Don’t worry if your Mac computer fails to boot or won’t boot after macOS High Sierra update or installation. ControllerMate v4. Also, the Mac needs to be running OS X Yosemite or later version of macOS. 1, clamshell mode is working perfectly in MacOS. Restart, this time hold Shift button when Mac starts. Since I replaced the rotational hard drive (HDD) with an SSD, I do not see the Apple logo on the screen to show it's loading. Check your Mac model - Not all Macs, especially old ones, are able to upgrade. How to boot macOS into safe boot or safe mode - macOS troubleshooting 2011 Macbook Pro Graphics Card FIX 100% WORKING!!! (Video Fixit How to boot mac os x into safe boot or safe mode. Mac users can get the best of both worlds by installing Windows 10 alongside OS X. Apple/OS X/Mac/iOS troubleshooting and how-to articles. On that drive they should. 15 (Catalina) because of a keyboard input issue with the WorkSpaces macOS client application version 2. Check Device Compatibility. Start up your Mac in single-user mode or verbose mode If you're an advanced user who is comfortable with UNIX, you can use single-user mode or verbose mode to help isolate issues related to startup. But looking at a pretty operating system wasn't the real challenge. OS X El Capitan (/ ɛ l ˌ k æ p ɪ ˈ t ɑː n / el-KAP-i-TAHN) (version 10. 12) is the thirteenth major release of macOS (previously OS X), Apple Inc. Memtest OS X is a memory testing program for Mac OS X. 13 (High Sierra) compatibility issue with SAFE for Mac (17. If your MacBook or other Mac does not start up at all after macOS High Sierra/Sierra update and hangs on a gray screen with an Apple Logo, here are some steps to consider:. Because you are not the only person who encounters such a problem. Insert the battery into your Mac. Technician's Assistant: When did you last update Safari? No idea. I had several problems with hdd failure on my macbook pro 15" 2011 and I end up selling my macbook on sellyourmacbookpro. Power Management Settings in Mac OS X. Therefore, if you need to restore lost data from the system disk under macOS 10. Next, you need to choose a respective option from the utilities menu or window. but this failed time after time. Mac OS X 10. HOLD Shift key till it is in the Safe mode. This tutorial describes 10 basic ways to navigate around Mac OS X using the keyboard and trackpad gestures only, but it’s just the tip of the iceberg as there are literally hundreds of keyboard shortcuts and many more can be user-defined. login when your Mac is started in safe. The T5 was developed for use with Windows OS and Mac OS PCs and mobile devices. Problems with Mac Safe Mode, Safe Mode not working. 13, please "disable System Integrity Protection" first. In order to use the AirDrop feature on Mac, your computer needs to be a 2012 or later version of Mac. This usually happens when your Mac has updated to a newer macOS (e. This may be the case if you were installing a firmware update or if a hardware problem was what caused the update to be interrupted in the first place. I ended last year’s review of macOS High Sierra by lamenting its invisibility but praising the much-needed work it did on the macOS foundation. 13 update in Safe Mode to fix Mac OS update failure. The former is aimed at whole drive recovery, while the latter is designed to recovery media from removable storage. Did you try erasing the Apple hard drive via recovery mode? If not, then backup your Mac and boot into Recovery Mode by immediately pressing Command + R after restarting your Mac. The start up shortcuts below do not work: ⇧ Shift Start up in Safe Mode; ⌥ Option (alt) Start up to Startup Manager;. After you upgrade your MacBook from macOS Sierra to High Sierra or El Capitan to the macOS Sierra, I guess you might find something lost. Is anyone experiencing same?. 11), upgrade to macOS Catalina from the App Store. The method we are going to outline here will reinstall macOS system software. It won’t save onto the remote. I just got myself a bootable Sierra USB and booted from it using the correct bios settings from my motherboard. Apps not working in macOS Mojave. On September 25, 2017, Apple released the newest version of the macOS operating system, 10. This will launch your Mac in Safe Mode. Plus, the Finder slow issue can disappear too. Apple releases the macOS 10. This article provides information about the compatibility of Native Instruments hardware products with macOS 10. Choose the app that stuck on the screen and press "Relaunch". md I click the agree to install it says “this disk is not. 12 and have just successfully activated my e3276 without any problems. Open App Store and try updating while still in Safe Mode. 13 on Mac, you may need to do some pre-installation preparation: Step 1. Hold down Command+option+ESC buttons for 3 seconds on the keyboard. When connected to devices other than those, the T5 may not be recognized or use of its features may be restricted depending on their level of support. It sure is pretty, I have to say. First, do not tell me to 'Repair disk permission' for my Mac. After rebooting you should see the PdaNet icon on the menu bar. 13, please "disable System Integrity Protection" first. Download the Application from the Mac App Store using your Apple ID on any of these specific Macs:. Please notice that in Sierra, there is no such option in the dick window. We’re addressing this issue where I work now, and, I want to get instructions out there as these seems to be an issue with the latest High Sierra updates released for Spectre and Meltdown (10. MacOS High Sierra was never meant to be truly transformative. In order to Create Bootable USB for Mac on Windows 10 with DiskMaker X 6, first, you have to install macOS High Sierra or lower version of mac on VirtualBox or VMware on Windows 10. Apple stated that macOS High Sierra is the last operating system to support 32-bit optimized applications. This will disable any startup or login items. 12 and have just successfully activated my e3276 without any problems. It is also possible that your Mac stops working. It enables playback, search and copy of a clip, display and search of metadata, etc. Also, if you accidentally installed a kext file that's messing up your Hackintosh, booting into safe mode may work around the problem. (Feb 21) Thanks for this. Its extremely frustrating as i use this program everyday for work. If none of the above steps helps, the only thing left to do is to reinstall the operating system. After successfully installing once mac osx high sierra I asked myself is there an option to show an hfs installer in clover again maybe as an entry edit in plist. 8 or later, you can upgrade directly to macOS High Sierra on the Mac AppStore. Technically, they're not interchangeable, although most people aren't going to care which term you use. A Quick, Personal Review – Does High Sierra Elevate your Mac? Personally, I love the upgrade. 13 update in Safe Mode to fix Mac OS update failure. Uncheck "Run in safe mode" and you will now be able to access the file system through Silverlight in High Sierra. 6 and below: Apple's Java comes pre-installed with your Mac OS. Edit, Enhance and Burn Video to DVD Easily. Rosetta Stone is tightly integrated with the Mac microphone and includes an offline mode for a seamless app experience that's just not possible on the web. Try restarting in recovery mode and install macOS High Sierra or Sierra from a bootable USB drive disk. Here is a guide where you can install macOS High. (though not on macOS Mojave or High Sierra). If it does not work, try deleting your. 13 (High Sierra) and macOS 10. Safe Mode is the mode your Mac operates in once it completes a Safe Boot. Remove the battery out of your Mac. The big question is, does Lightroom work? The good news is Lightroom CC 2015. There is a high possibility that Mac won't turn on if Macintosh HD not mounted. The current version of macOS High Sierra is 10. Macbook doesn't recognize my Audio 8 DJ and X1 controller. Now let's see how to fix MacBook / Mac won't boot after update Sierra is installed. MacPwn was updated to support High Sierra. “We are working on a software update to address this issue. Hi, I am having an issue only with my Mac mini (running macOS Sierra 10. It limits some of the apps while startup and Mac feel little reliable and starts without carrying much load at the startup. If you have a Mac that runs Mac OS Sierra or High Sierra indeed anything later than OS X Leopard, Time Machine will work for you as an. Rare situation, your EFI portion on the SSD is Brocken. 8) or Lion (10. This article provides information about the compatibility of Native Instruments hardware products with macOS 10. Safe Mode & Single-User Mode: What They Are, How to Use Them Wednesday, August 30th, 2017 | Author: Tom Nelson. If that doesn't work then try PCIRootUID=1 -x or just -x which will enter Mac OS X Safe Mode and will allow you to proceed. 13, please "disable System Integrity Protection" first. 3; Mac OS X system does not boot correctly; Apple Cinema Displays: only 1 resolution available; Screen rotation option is not available on Mac OS X. A recent glitch we noticed with certain Mac computer owners running macOS Sierra was the complaint that mac recovery mode not working. Use the Mac OS X 10. 13 and later (High Sierra and Mojave). I've updated my operating system to the new High Sierra, and updated my adobe CC apps to the new 2018 release. Is anyone experiencing same?. MacOS High Sierra was never meant to be truly transformative. See Section 3. The first time you save a new document these two menu options will work the same way and open up a Save As dialog box where you can enter a file name for your new file in the Save As field. To avoid any problems updating from El Capitan to macOS Sierra, remove all third-party Kexts and extensions. Fix 2: Boot in the Safe Mode. 7 or later and for some reason the Recovery HD is not available it will automatically boot into Internet Recovery Mode. Safe Mode is the mode your Mac operates in once it completes a Safe Boot. It does not work on older hardwares like the PowerBook or iMac. Step #5: Release the key and let the Mac usually start. Things you'll need: - A copy of the macOS High Sierra Installer App. Prior to version 9. Part 1: Manually Uninstall Firefox Quantum on Mac First off, Firefox is a clean web browser app that is friendly to Mac OS X. Known from Windows to quickly lock the screen; Apple finally introduces the same quick lock feature for Mac with it's new OS macOS High Sierra. You can easily drag-and-drop Firefox application icon to Trash but it may keep caches and other leftover junks left. For Mac OS 9 and Mac OS 10. Still Not Working? If recovery mode and Internet recovery mode don't get your MacBook Pro back up and running, you have a more serious problem on your hands. I have run the High Sierra in Safe Mode. Adobe strongly recommends that customers update to the Photoshop CC 2017 release prior to updating to macOS 10. iSkysoft data recovery for Mac provides a all around data recovery solution for the mainstream data like photos, videos, document files, audio data and more formats files on Mac OS. Automatic Login is not a good security feature in many cases (as with a laptop on the road), but it can be A Good Feature for those preparing a Mac for public use — if you set the Automatic Login account to your public standard-access account, OS X automatically uses the correct account if the Mac is rebooted or restarted. Wardle said on his blog that the flaw also exists in macOS 10. I followed their instructions: “Hi. The first complaint we received was from a user running a Mac mini 2014 who replaced his Hard Disk Drive (HDD) with a Solid State Drive (SDD), he complained of not seeing the Apple logo appearing on the screen. Target Disk Mode has several uses in correlation to Disk Drill (and in general). Start up your Mac in single-user mode or verbose mode If you're an advanced user who is comfortable with UNIX, you can use single-user mode or verbose mode to help isolate issues related to startup. To get the latest Java from Oracle, you will need Mac OS X 10. 13 on Mac, you may need to do some pre-installation preparation: Step 1. Once in Recovery Mode, you can go to Disk Utility and erase the complete hard drive to a single partitioned drive. I ended last year’s review of macOS High Sierra by lamenting its invisibility but praising the much-needed work it did on the macOS foundation. I try some of the shortcuts mentioned here at startup, but nothing happens as if I did not use any shortcuts. Install macOS 10. If you have an app that has stopped working under macOS High Sierra, you should check with the developer to see if any updates have been released, or will be released. Apps not working in macOS Mojave. Search Not Working or Incomplete Results in OSX El Capitan Mac Mail You may find that the search function inside Apple Mail is not working after upgrading to El Capitan. This article provides information about the compatibility of Native Instruments hardware products with macOS 10. 13), Sierra (10. Tab titles in Safari are basically unreadble. To avoid any problems updating from El Capitan to macOS Sierra, remove all third-party Kexts and extensions. Note: Recover Lost Mac Data under Mac OS X 10. 13 to fix macOS fails to install issue. Upgrading from an older version of macOS? If you're running High Sierra (10. We might wonder how to disable the USB ports on Mac to prevent data copy to external USB mass storage devices. The new Continuity helps you hand off tasks from iPhone to iPad to Mac, but that. Where is the JAVA_HOME env variable set in MAC OS Yosemite. If you cannot install macOS 10. On that drive they should. 13 High Sierra won't keep you safe from this sort of attack. Input your secret word and your Macintosh will then check your disks. This update is recommended for all users. Cannot use Clamshell mode on Mac OS X; How to enable an extended DisplayLink display on macOS 10. Test Disk and PhotoRec are two closely related projects. 12) and I wanted to run a virtual machine (VM) of macOS High Sierra to try out the new operating system. It's called NSWindowDarkChocolate. x and older Unity versions might work with High Sierra on HFS+ disk, but it should be considered as last resort workaround if you have to use older Unity versions on new OS. but this failed time after time. There is a high possibility that Mac won’t turn on if Macintosh HD not mounted. dcosson changed the title Hangs during boot, stuck at gIOScreenLockState Sierra 10. A newly discovered macOS High Sierra flaw is potentially leaving your personal data at risk. Night Shift doesn't work with the connected televisions or projectors. It lets you enhance and touch up photos, sketch, draw and paint, add text and shapes, apply dazzling effects, and more. Windows and Mac users most likely want to download the precompiled binaries listed in the upper box, not the source code. macOS High Sierra won't install, shows "osinstall. ControllerMate v4. To reset a Mac OS X v10. Things you'll need: - A copy of the macOS High Sierra Installer App. 13: This latest OS will work on Macs that are up to 7 years old, meaning if your Mac is older than 7yrs, this is probably the right to change it because you will emphatically miss out on what this OS has to offer. I followed their instructions: "Hi. In order to use the AirDrop feature on Mac, your computer needs to be a 2012 or later version of Mac. Time to call service. Quickly find which OS X versions are compatible with your Mac model and year. Night Shift is compatible with 2012 and newer Macs, so it won't work on. 11 El Capitan is a new version of Apple's juggernaut line of operating systems providing the only alternative to Microsoft Windows. Check your Mac model – Not all Macs, especially old ones, are able to upgrade. Download the Application from the Mac App Store using your Apple ID on any of these specific Macs:. Did you try erasing the Apple hard drive via recovery mode? If not, then backup your Mac and boot into Recovery Mode by immediately pressing Command + R after restarting your Mac. How to fix a Mac that won't turn on. 0 can prevent and/or resolve a computer boot failure. 7 Lion installation to factory default, check Mark’s comment @ Apple forum (basically, deleting users before booting into single. To complete the clean install procedure described below, you'll need: macOS High Sierra Installer, available from the Mac App Store. Deleting a file by mistake may seem awful. OpenCL is not supported. That did not…. iOS Binary Release ~Claudio provides iOS builds of ImageMagick. If the problem still persists, then the last hope for success is to restore your Mac to a macOS High Sierra backup and then perform the update. I've updated my operating system to the new High Sierra, and updated my adobe CC apps to the new 2018 release. If none of the above steps helps, the only thing left to do is to reinstall the operating system. If you do not know what this means, you probably do not want to do it! The latest release (2018-07-02, Feather Spray) R-3. 13 and later (High Sierra and Mojave). Leave it for an hour, if a time remaining indicator hasn’t appeared by then continue with the instructions below. Remove the battery out of your Mac. Once in Recovery Mode, you can go to Disk Utility and erase the complete hard drive to a single partitioned drive. Can't install MacOS High Sierra Beta - "Currently being encrypted" If I reboot he computer I get one message and if I go into safe mode I get the ssd being. 1) Issue on setting up Google account. The start up shortcuts below do not work: ⇧ Shift Start up in Safe Mode; ⌥ Option (alt) Start up to Startup Manager;. If you’re running Snow Leopard (10. meet VirtualBox. 7 or later and for some reason the Recovery HD is not available it will automatically boot into Internet Recovery Mode. Still nothing ! Reset your SMC and NVRAM. Partition your hard drive to GUID Partition Table; Format your hard drive to Mac OS Extended (Journaled). I have tried: Uninstalling the installer and downloaded fresh version. If your computer is running macOS Mojave, download Combo Update 10. Rare situation, your EFI portion on the SSD is Brocken. I started experiencing this issue after updating the Bootcam via the Apple update and also the Mac OS to High Sierra 10. Mac fails to boot or start after the macOS update. What to do when a Mac won't boot to Safe Mode. How To Recover Lost Admin Rights On macOS High Sierra and Sierra, Mac OS X El Capitan And Yosemite If you lost your administrator rights on Mac OS X 10. This page aims to help you remove Safe Finder. I can use it only in Safe Mode with key "Shift" at start up. 05) Option Key: Force Empty Mac Trash. Important Notes. On such occasions, it is safer to boot Mac using Safe Mode. 6, released to the public on July 9. The company focused on video streaming, a smoother gaming experience, and data management. VirtualBox: How to create a macOS High Sierra VM to run on a Mac host system. The first complaint we received was from a user running a Mac mini 2014 who replaced his Hard Disk Drive (HDD) with a Solid State Drive (SDD), he complained of not seeing the Apple logo appearing on the screen. 13, the OS is more stable and responsive. I understand the company may want to get more revenue from selling Office 2016 to existing customers. Therefore, if you need to restore lost data from the system disk under macOS 10. It is also possible that your Mac stops working. Apple stated that macOS High Sierra is the last operating system to support 32-bit optimized applications. We use it every night to back up our work and sleep peacefully knowing our hours of hard work are truly safe and secure. Partition your hard drive to GUID Partition Table; Format your hard drive to Mac OS Extended (Journaled). Chances are the drive has some issues that need to be repaired. If none of the above steps helps, the only thing left to do is to reinstall the operating system. While many other programs are still supported and running on macOS High Sierra, it looks bad if Office 2011 is not working in High Sierra, especially Word and Excel are some of the most popular applications people used daily. Have entered my pin, changed my settings and clicked on the "save changes" button. If the installation has finished, but instead of Sierra you only see a dull grey screen, you can resort to hardcore restoring methods. The method we are going to outline here will reinstall macOS system software. audio input and output devices, and modems won't work. I started experiencing this issue after updating the Bootcam via the Apple update and also the Mac OS to High Sierra 10. Im using OS Sierra 10. Boot Correctly into Bootable USB Installer of macOS Sierra. Installing Python 3 on Mac OS X If you have OS X 10. 0 can prevent and/or resolve a computer boot failure. To boot your Mac to safe mode, click Apple menu > Restart. He just keeps saying popping up everywhere. Check Device Compatibility. 13 (High Sierra). MacType for Windows 10. 14] on Any Windows PC without using Mac and this method is working and completely tested. 13 ? for over 2 weeks ago someone tried to install this on this mac os version. you may just not like the idea of your backup being somewhere you can’t see or touch it. Try clearing your NVRAM. There are a few reasons why you might find that Command + R doesn't work and your Mac won't start up in Recovery Mode: If your Mac is really old - as in so old it's running Mac OS X Snow Leopard or older - it will not have a Recovery partition, the only way to reinstall the OS is to use the discs that shipped with the Mac. Tab titles in Safari are basically unreadble. It is the successor to macOS Sierra and it was announced at the WWDC 2017 on June 5, 2017 before being released on September 25, 2017; its successor macOS Mojave was released on September 24, 2018. My original VMware hard disk file that was not booting was still connect, and I transferred all my settings to the new Mac OS High Sierra file that is on the page here. Either your hard drive itself is failing (a hardware failure), or the directory damage on your hard drive is beyond the capability of the built-in repair procedures in OS X. Your screen might also "blink" or "tear" during login when your Mac is started in safe mode. It creates a temporary boot partition that allows you to access certain things on your computer that you might not be able to if your system froze or crashed. Whatever your needs, you can boot your Mac in a variety of modes in order to complete a task before startup; all you need to do is press some keys down and wait for the chime (unless you have a later MacBook Pro, in which case I'm sorry). If you have an app that has stopped working under macOS High Sierra, you should check with the developer to see if any updates have been released, or will be released. macOS is built for Apple computers, Installing macOS on PC is called Hackintosh. The menus and interfaces may look slightly different depending on which OS you are running, but their. It always defaults to "Custom" once you close and reopen the application while I prefer "OS X Native". Since I replaced the rotational hard drive (HDD) with an SSD, I do not see the Apple logo on the screen to show it's loading. Check Device Compatibility. How to use cheap Chinese Arduinos that come with with CH340G / CH341G Serial/USB chip (Windows & Mac OS-X) – a blog by Konstantin Gredeskoul about Arduino, hardware, sensors, robotics, beaglebone black. I updated my mac to MacOS high. Is there a 3rd place he should delete. Large selection of apple mac upgrade guides, repairs, tweaks, tips and how-to articles for apple hardware and software. 71 for Mac OS WinRAR is a powerful archive manager. Here's a complete guide on how you can boot your Mac into safe mode and troubleshoot a bunch of different issues you might be facing. So follow the steps below to learn the process of booting correctly from Bootable USB Installer of macOS Sierra. If you cannot install macOS 10. 13 Sierra, goes live later today. For compatibility information with earlier OS X systems, read this article. 13 in Safe Mode, try a clean installation of the new update. Things you can do in Recovery Mode. Download macOS Transformation Pack. It does not work on older hardwares like the PowerBook or iMac. mpkg appears to be. Important news: macOS 10. by I just installed mac OS High Sierra on my MacBook Pro Retina with SSD (APFS now). Frankly, the second step to configure Google account did not work for me. You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation. One thing with MySQL upgrades always take a data dump of your database in case things go south and before you upgrade to macOS Sierra make sure your MySQL. Just in case your hack failed to boot after upgrading, try to boot in safe mode. Here's a complete guide on how you can boot your Mac into safe mode and troubleshoot a bunch of different issues you might be facing. Mac OS X guests can only run on a certain host hardware. Before you start tearing your hair out wondering why WiFi won't work on your Mac, do the following first:. 11 El Capitan update, it's called Split View, and it works fairly well for the most part. macOS High Sierra won't install, shows "osinstall. It seems AFPS is so good at file manipulation and associated aspects.